Physical fitness is a condition of health and well being and, more importantly, the capacity to do various tasks, jobs, and sports well. Physical fitness is usually achieved through regular exercise, proper nutrition and adequate rest. A healthy lifestyle is also important in physical fitness as well as proper weight management and an individual’s mental health.
Exercise is an important factor in fitness. It has been shown that exercise is a key factor in maintaining optimal fitness and an active lifestyle. Exercise helps strengthen muscles, improve cardiovascular efficiency, reduce risk for osteoporosis, decrease the development of certain cancers, reduce the risk for hypertension, and enhance bone strength and density. There are many different types of exercise, but activity according to a particular activity, such as the type of equipment used, the number of repetitions done or the time duration of exercise is a factor in fitness goals.
Flexibility is an essential component of fitness, especially core exercises. Core exercises include the muscles of the abdomen, lower back, hips, and pelvic area, and are important in preventing back pain, improving balance, and reducing lower body fat. These muscles are also called the core. Core exercises improve flexibility by strengthening and stabilizing the muscles of the abdomen and pelvis. They improve posture, too, by improving balance.
Fitness is defined as the capacity to do physical activities that improve the way an individual moves, thinks, feels, or looks. Physical fitness can be achieved through cardiovascular exercise, which is the flow of blood and nutrients throughout the body and through the use of muscle strength. Aerobic fitness, or fitness through aerobic activity, involves the use of lungs for breathing and the production of carbon dioxide. An individual’s muscular strength and stamina determine his or her level of fitness.
The exercise is divided into cardiovascular activity and resistance training, and each has specific benefits. When choosing an activity or exercise regimen, individuals should consider their physical health, current health, age, and lifestyle. A fitness program may include low impact activity that requires little or no equipment. Examples of low impact activity include walking, bicycling, swimming, gardening, riding a bike, or playing a sport like tennis, football, or soccer. Higher impact exercise options include weightlifting, running, and playing sports like basketball, tennis, baseball, or volleyball. Individuals may consider joining a sports team, signing up for dance classes, or taking dance lessons.
The benefits of exercise depend on the level of fitness desired. Aerobic exercise is done at a high intensity level, often with a period of recovery between sessions. Low intensity aerobic exercises, or cardio, are good for maintaining overall health, but are not effective for losing weight. Resistance training increases muscular endurance, while building bone density and increasing bone mass.
Core strength is also important for fitness training program success. Core muscles help stabilize the spine, allowing the body to bend smoothly and efficiently. Core muscles are the deep muscles located in front of and below the navel. These muscles help provide stability for the spine and provide strength to the pelvis, ribcage, and shoulder girdle, as well as aiding in walking, standing, climbing stairs, and using a computer chair. Core exercises should be done regularly to maintain optimal fitness levels and avoid injuries.
Exercise may be self-motivating or may require motivation from others. Many people find exercise enjoyable, while others find it difficult to stay motivated. Those who enjoy fitness and core muscle strengthening find it easy to stick with a fitness program. Those who are new to fitness activities may find it challenging to stick with a fitness routine, especially if they feel out of place or embarrassed by their lack of shape or weight.