What Environmental Causes Lead to Tooth Surface Erosion?

The surface of your teeth is covered with a substance known as enamel. This is the hardest substance your body produces, and it does an excellent job of keeping your teeth free from damage and decay. That said, repeated friction, wear, stress, and corrosion can erode surface enamel, leaving your teeth more prone to decay, breakage, and sensitivity.

That’s obviously something you’re going to want to avoid, so it’s time to learn about the common environmental causes so you can put a stop to them.


Attrition refers to tooth-on-tooth friction. It’s natural for teeth to meet and rub against each other – if they couldn’t you wouldn’t be able to chew or rest your mouth. However, too much tooth-on-tooth friction is often sustained when you make a habit of clenching your jaw or grinding your teeth. This might be something you do at night without even knowing it – if your jaw muscles or teeth feel sore right after you wake up, speak to your dentist.


Abrasion occurs when you bite or brush against objects with your teeth. If you bite down hard on a bottle cap or chew on a pen, you’re abrading your tooth enamel – the same is true when people chew tobacco, which comes with a whole host of problems all by itself. Worse still, chewing on pens and other objects during the day teaches your mouth to stay clenched, which increases the likelihood of night-time grinding.


Abfraction refers to the creation of stress fractures along the tooth. Like attrition, damage is caused by grinding, but in a different way. When you grind your teeth, you minutely flex or bend each one. Over time, this movement can create stress fissures that weaken surface enamel and open the way to less protected sections of a tooth, including the pulp.

Solutions to Tooth Surface Erosion:

Preventing tooth surface erosion primarily involves making lifestyle changes and adopting good oral care practices. Here are some solutions to consider:

– Dietary Changes: Reduce your consumption of acidic foods and beverages, and when you do consume them, try to rinse your mouth with water afterward. Chewing sugar-free gum can also stimulate saliva production, which helps neutralize acids.

– Use a Soft Toothbrush: Opt for a toothbrush with soft bristles to avoid abrasive brushing. Additionally, consider using toothpaste formulated for sensitive teeth.

– Dental Procedures: In severe cases of tooth erosion, dental procedures like bonding or dental veneers may be recommended to restore the appearance and function of the affected teeth. In extreme cases of enamel loss, opting for dental implants in Red Deer or wherever you live can be considered a permanent solution for tooth replacement.

– Regular Dental Checkups: Regardless of whether you’ve had a dental procedure done or not, schedule regular dental checkups to monitor your oral health. Dentists can detect signs of erosion early and provide guidance on preventive measures.

Tooth surface erosion is a concern that can affect anyone, but understanding its environmental causes and implementing preventive measures can help you maintain a healthy smile for years to come. By making informed choices and seeking professional dental care when needed, you can protect your teeth from the damaging effects of erosion and enjoy a lifetime of good oral health.

If you’re worried that you may have signs of enamel erosion, get in contact with a dentist today.

Written by Karl Peters

Karl is a university graduate with years of experience in casual writing and freelance services. Always up to date on the latest trends and working hard to bring these trends to the forefront of the public eye. Lover of beer, dogs and cars and dedicated to being the best bachelor bro.